Climate Change: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability

At the beginning of the week, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) released a report carried out by it’s working group 2 titled, Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability. In this report they detail the risks that have arisen and those we will face in the future as a result of human induced climate change. In particular they note that risks from a changing climate come from three interconnected areas; vulnerability (lack of preparedness), exposure (people or assets in harm’s way), and hazards (triggering climate events or trends). Each of these areas can then be targetted for smart actions to reduce risk either through adapting to the risks, or by utilising technology such as sustainable energy devices to attempt to mitigate and limit future climate change and reduce risks in the future. Their video below summarises the findings of the report and delivers their key message.

The future risks from climate change will depend on the amount of warming that takes place and our ability to limit that through reductions in the emissions of greenhouse gases. The new report details that warming from our past emissions is already affecting the climate and impacting on life across the globe, with measurable impacts on agriculture, human health, ecosystems on land and in the oceans, water supplies, and some people’s livelihoods. Increasing amounts of warming due to our increasing emmisions of greenhouse gases may produce irreversible effects on our climate making adaptation difficult and costly. Therefore, it is in our best interests to develop and make use of low carbon, sustainable solutions to energy production and waste treatment now, to limit the risks we face in the future.

JReed James Reed

Senior Lecturer in Renewable Energy
Sustainable Environment Research Centre
University of South Wales

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